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Monday, November 16, 2020 | History

1 edition of Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors found in the catalog.

Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors

Vinod K. Mishra

Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors

evidence from national household surveys

by Vinod K. Mishra

  • 154 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by Macro International in Calverton, Md .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Statistics,
  • Cross-Sectional Studies,
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice,
  • Epidemiology,
  • HIV Seroprevalence,
  • Epidemiologic Factors,
  • Health Surveys,
  • HIV infections,
  • Risk factors,
  • Health surveys

  • Edition Notes

    StatementVinod Mishra ... [et al.].
    SeriesDHS comparative reports -- no. 22, DHS comparative reports -- no. 22.
    ContributionsMacro International, United States. Agency for International Development, MEASURE DHS (Program)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA643.86.A357 L48 2009
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 141 p. :
    Number of Pages141
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL24805226M
    LC Control Number2010362143
    OCLC/WorldCa319855535

      They point to studies from Uganda and Zimbabwe, where HIV infection was associated with the belief that one's partner was having concurrent relationships. Population studies In , Lagarde and colleagues reported a study that used a standardised questionnaire to assess concurrency rates and HIV prevalence in five sub-Saharan cities.   Nakimuli-Mpungu, Musisi, Katabira, Nachega & Bass, , Prevalence and factors associated with depressive disorders in an HIV + rural patient population in southern Uganda, Journal of Affective Disorders, ()


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Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors by Vinod K. Mishra Download PDF EPUB FB2

Book: Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys + pp. Abstract: This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviours of adult women women Subject Category: People GroupsCited by: Get this from a library.

Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys. [Vinod K Mishra; Macro International.; United States. Agency for International Development.; MEASURE DHS (Program);] -- This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and several key characteristics and behaviors of adult.

Request PDF | On Jan 1,Vinod Mishra and others published Levels and Spread of HIV Seroprevalence and Associated Factors: Evidence from National Household Surveys |.

LEVELS AND SPREAD OF HIV SEROPREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS: EVIDENCE FROM NATIONAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS FEBRUARY This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

It was prepared by. Introduction. Central and South America and the Caribbean together accounted for the second highest adult HIV prevalence in the world in 1 The overall estimated adult HIV prevalence in Central and South America is % and ranges from % in Belize, to at least 1% in Guyana and Suriname, and % in Panama.

2 In most of these countries, the HIV epidemic is concentrated in Cited by:   cord data in three distinct Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors book with differing levels of urbanization. Combined HIV seroprevalence rates were % for Agomanya, the most rural community, % for Akwatia, and % for Nkawkaw, the most urbanized community.

HIV-1 infection alone accounted for % of cases, compared with % and % for HIV-2 and dual infection, respectively. In a multivariable model, the. As noted in Chapter 1, the global HIV/AIDS epidemic consists of many separate, individual epidemics spread unevenly through sub-Saharan Africa, each with its own distinct characteristics that depend on geography, the specific population affected, the frequencies of risk behaviors and practices, and the temporal introduction of the addition, biological factors may influence the spread.

Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International Inc.; Levels and Spread of HIV Seroprevalence and Associated Factors: Evidence from National Household Surveys. Pettifor AE, Measham DM, Rees HV, Padian NS. Sexual power and HIV risk, South Africa.

Emerg Infect Dis. ; 10 (11)– [PMC free article]. transmitting STDs, such as gender and other preexisting or concurrent STDs including HIV infection, were discussed. Other biological factors that contribute to the spread of STDs include the lack of conspicuous signs and symptoms manifested by infected persons, the long lag time from initial infection to signs of severe complications, and the propensity of STDs to more easily infect young.

No partner-level variables were associated with HIV infection at the p level. At the household level, HIV-negative teens were more likely to be living with a father and/or a mother (p), whereas HIV-positive teens were more likely to be living in a household with an orphan younger than 15 years of age (p).

Seroprevalence of HBV, HCV, and HIV and Associated Risk Factors Among Apparently Healthy Pregnant Women in Anyigba, Nigeria. Cornelius Arome Omatola, Christiana Lawal, Deborah Omolara Omosayin, Martin-luther Oseni Okolo, David Moses Adaji, Charles Kehinde Mofolorunsho, and ; Kizito Emeje Bello.

Background The COVID pandemic continues to grow at an unprecedented rate. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection than the general population but risk factors for HCW infection are not well described.

Methods We conducted a prospective sero-epidemiological study of HCWs at a UK teaching hospital using a SARS-CoV-2 immunoassay.

Objectives: To investigate the effect of community characteristics on HIV prevalence and incidence. Methods: Data from an open cohort study with demographic surveillance, epidemiological surveys, and qualitative research were used to examine the association between individual and community risk factors with HIV prevalence in –5 and incidence between –5 and –7 among men (n.

Jennings JM, Louis TA, Ellen JM, Srikrishnan AK, Sivaram S, Mayer K, Solomon S, Kelly R, Celentano DD. Geographic Prevalence and Multilevel Determination of Community-level Factors Associated with Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection in Chennai, India.

Am J Epidemiol. ; (12)– doi: /aje/kwn The seroprevalence and associated factors of HIV infection. The overall seroprevalence of HIV was found to be (%) (95% CI: –).

The risk for HIV infection was higher among women aged 20–29 years followed by 30–39 (Table 2). Factors associated with undiagnosed HIV infection included attending sex-focused venues (OR = ), reporting syphilis in the previous 12 months (OR = ), using poppers at last sexual.

The purpose of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence and to assess factors associated with increased risk of testing HIV-positive in a sample of sexually active IDUs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Roughly 4 out of 10 participants tested HIV-positive. Almost all of the participants who tested positive were unaware that they were infected. Thus, this study determined the sero-prevalence of syphilis and associated risk factors in people with HIV infection.

A cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa Referral Hospital, southern. Malawi’s HIV prevalence is one of the highest in the world, with % of the adult population (aged ) living with HIV.1 Inan estimated one million Malawians were living with HIV Malawians died from AIDS-related illnesses.2The Malawian HIV epidemic plays a critical role in the country’s life expectancy of 61 years for men and 67 for women   First, seroprevalence will increase, leading to higher positive predictive values.

Second, as individuals and communities adopt behaviors (eg, mask wearing and social distancing) that limit transmission, the reproductive number will decrease. Both of these factors would expand the range of acceptable tests for seropositivity.

The age group f 40 years and above had the highest seroprevalence of % among the HIV positive persons, while the age groups 25 - 29 years had the highest seroprevalence of % among the IP.

This meta-analysis aimed to estimate N. caninum seroprevalence in goats worldwide to determine the main risk factors for seropositivity that could be. THE acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) develops years after infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1).1, 2 Because of this long.

This study aims to estimate the prevalence levels of HIV, Hepatitis C (HCV), Tuberculosis (TB) and their co-infections and associated demographic and risk behaviours among MMT entrants.

Method A total of drug users at the time of their MMT enrolment were recruited from four clinics during Alcohol and HIV/AIDS. People with alcohol use disorders are more likely than the general population to contract HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).

1 Similarly, people with HIV are more likely to abuse alcohol at some time during their lives (1). Alcohol use is associated with high-risk sexual behaviors and injection drug use, two major modes of HIV transmission. HIV is the virus that causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ().; Anal or vaginal sexual intercourse and illicit injectable drug use commonly transmit ed mothers may also transmit HIV to their child during pregnancy, delivery, or common routes of transmission include needle-stick injuries or exposure to contaminated blood.

The reasons for these variations are not clear. (2) An unpublished study on the seroprevalence of HIV infection and associated psychiatric syndromes in certified adult black male patients at Town Hill and Fort Napier hospitals done in revealed a seroprevalence rate of 2% (S D Chetty.

Background In Libya experienced a major outbreak of multiple blood borne viral hepatitis and HIV infections. Since then, no studies have been done on the epidemic features and risk factors of HBV, HCV, HIV and co-infection among the general population.

Methods A prospective study was carried out using a multi-centre clustering method to collect samples from the general population. HIV prevalence of over 80% has been reported for female sex workers in East and Central Africa.

32 In some areas HIV infection has now been documented among members of the general population, as shown by the initially slow but accelerating spread among pregnant women.

Seroprevalence rates of HIV among pregnant women range from 5 to 35%, with. Since its initial identification, HIV has been overwhelmingly associated with men, typically gay and bisexual men. Additionally, this is a disease that has hit hardest among young adults.

By the late s, popular images of persons with HIV began to include persons of color, largely in response to growing recognition of HIV transmission via. Data from female substance abusers admitted to an all-female rehabilitation center in Trinidad and Tobago between and were reviewed retrospectively to determine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence and associated risk factors.

HIV seroprevalence was %, which is six times higher than in the general population. Exposure risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection on both univariable and multivariable analysis were sharing of a bedroom (multivariable OR 538 [95% CI 182–1584]; p=0) and being spoken to by a COVID case, with the highest risk if the case spoke for 30 min or longer (multivariable OR 786 [95% CI 386–1602]; p.

A report called Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys published by USAID, for example, which studied 22 developing countries.

Truman BI, Morse D, Mikl J, et al. HIV seroprevalence and risk factors among prison inmates entering New York State prisons (Abstract). In: Abstracts from the IV International Conference on AIDS, JuneStockholm; CDC. HIV seroprevalence in migrant and seasonal farmworkers.

North. Carolina, MMWR ; Table 3 shows independent associations of various factors with HIV seropositivity. Among various sociodemographic characteristics tested for their association with HIV status, living in the northern zone of the city was found to be associated with HIV seropositivity [69% vs 43%, adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = ; 95% CI = to ].

In noticeable contrast with escalating HIV rates in many nations, a unique programme in Uganda, one of the nations worst hit by the HIV epidemic, has resulted in a profound decline in national HIV seroprevalence from reported rates as high as 30% in the early s 3, 4 —the highest in the world at the time 4 —to an estimated 5% in 5.

IVDU, blood transfusion, hospital admission and haemodialysis were associated with increased risk of HCV infection (PHIV infection was associated with IVDU (Pfactors for HBV infection were mainly direct contact with infected individuals and a family history of HBV infection.

Among clinic patients who did not report any risks for HIV infection, including male homosexual contact, IV-drug use, or sexual contact with a partner at increased risk, HIV seroprevalence was 4% (20/) in men and 5% (9/) in women in New York City (4), 3% (56/) in men and 2% (20/) in women in Baltimore (5), and % (4/) in men.

Mishra V, Medley A, Hong R, Yuan Gu Y, Robey B. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys. DHS Comparative Reports No. Calverton (MD): Macro International Inc; Garenne M. Long-term population effect of male circumcision in generalised HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa.

Material and Methods: A study was carried out in a tertiary care Hospital to determine the sero-prevalence of HIV-HCV co-infection. randomly selected newly diagnosed HIV patients were enrolled. From each of the patient, cc venous blood was collected and Anti-HCV by ELISA was performed on obtained serum samples.

Factors that influence the virulence of HIV are of direct relevance to ongoing efforts to contain, and ultimately eradicate, the HIV epidemic. We here investigate in Botswana and South Africa, countries severely affected by HIV, the impact on HIV virulence of adaptation of HIV to protective HLA alleles such as HLA-B* In Botswana, where the epidemic started earlier and reached higher adult.

Risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus infection among blood donors in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and their relevance to current donor deferral criteria Transfusion, Vol.

47, No. 4 The first ten years: achievements and challenges of the Brazilian program of universal access to HIV/AIDS comprehensive management and care,   Risk factors for HBV and HCV infection in Pakistan Needles in healthcare settings.

Injections in healthcare settings have been well described in the literature as a major mode of transmission of HBV and HCV in developing countries, 95 A few well-controlled studies have demonstrated a relationship between therapeutic injections and the high prevalence of HBV and .